There is no doubt that Canada is a popular destination for tourists. With a population of around 35 million, the country sees an average of 25 million visitors pass through its borders every year. Perfect for culture vultures and adventure seekers alike, Canada’s sprawling wilderness and distinctly unique cities hold something for everyone. From the snow-topped mountains of the iconic Banff National Park to the nations many lakes, Canada is a huge attraction for many thrill seekers. Hiking, kayaking, skiing and fishing are all popular reasons for visiting Canada.

For visitors from the UK, an Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA) is required to visit or transit through Canada by air. The leniency period that allowed travellers to board their flight without an eTA recently ended, so it is important that anyone planning to visit Canada secures their eTA in advance of booking their flight. Similar to the United States ESTA, the application process is very simple and many people are approved within minutes, although some applications can take a few days. For this reason, it is important to make sure you secure your eTA before travelling, as you won’t be able to board your flight without it.

If you are from America arriving in Canada by land or sea, you will not need an eTA, but you will still need to travel with acceptable travel documents such as a passport. This means that visitors hoping to visit Canada for a short period by crossing the border from the United States will be able to do so provided they have a valid passport. Visitors from some countries will require a valid visa in order to visit Canada by air, land or sea, but most European countries are exempt from this.

Citizens from the following countries will require a visa to visit Canada or transit through Canada.

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Argentina

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Belarus

Belize

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Botswana

Brazil

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burma (Myanmar)

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon, Republic of

Cape Verde

Central African Republic

Chad

China, People’s Republic of

Colombia

Comoros

Congo, Democratic Republic of

Congo, Republic of

Costa Rica, Republic of

Cuba

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

East Timor

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Fiji

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

Ghana

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel – holders of valid Israeli “Travel Document in lieu of National Passport”

Ivory Coast

Jamaica

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Korea, North

Kosovo

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Macao Special Administrative Region

Macedonia

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives Islands

Mali

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Micronesia, Fed. States

Moldova

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Namibia

Nauru

Nepal

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Oman

Pakistan

Palau

Palestinian Authority

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Qatar

Romania

Russia

Rwanda

Sao Tomé e Principe

Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of

Senegal

Serbia

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sri Lanka

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Lucia

St. Vincent and the Grenadines (St. Vincent)

Sudan

Surinam

Swaziland

Syria

Taiwan – Note: Taiwanese citizens who hold a passport issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that does not include their personal identification number need a visa to come to Canada. Taiwanese citizens who hold a passport issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that includes their personal identification number need an eTA to come to Canada.

Tajikistan

Tanzania

Thailand

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe